The Ural Mountains are the main feature of the Perm region’s landscape. THE KUNGUR ICE CAVEAND PERM AREA TRIP
The western part of the Perm Territory (80% of the area) is located at the edge of the Eastern European Plain where lowlands and plains dominate the landscape. The east accommodates the Ural Mountains occupying 20% of the region’s area.
The Ural Mountains are the main feature of the Perm region’s landscape. The western part of the Perm Territory (80% of the area) is located at the edge of the Eastern European Plain. Where lowlands and plains dominate the landscape. The east accommodates the Ural Mountains occupying 20% of the region’s area.
Caves are another distinctive feature of the landscape. The nature was generous towards the Perm region. Gave it such pearls as the Kungur Ice Cave, Ordino Cave, Divya Cave, Badyino Cave and many others. THE KUNGUR ICE CAVEAND PERM AREA TRIP
Some of caves are equipped for tourists while others retain their primevalness. Each cave is unique in its own right.
For example, the Kungur Ice Cave is widely known not only in the Perm region, but also in Russia for its ice grottoes. The Ordino Cave is a veritable paradise for cave divers
Divya cave is one of the longest caves in the Urals. It is located in Cherdynsky district on the right bank of the River Kolva in 10 km to the north of Nyrob. It was first described in 1770. The plan of the cave was made in 1949. According to the plan, the length of the cave is 9750 m. Its inlet is small (the height is 0.5 m, the width is 1.5 m) and it’s located on the slope at an altitude of 90 meters above the level of the river. Trip to the longest caves - DIVYA CAVE
The cave is a series of galleries. Nowadays there is no active stream flows in the cave. There is a row of underground lakes. The largest lake is located in the grot of the Sun. It has a length of 96 m and surface area of 180 sq m. In addition to the large grots, such as Vetlan, The Virgin’s, Gvozdetsky’s and others, there are many narrow and low passages and manholes.
The cave is characterized by a diversity of sinter forms, such as stalagmites, stalactites, pillars, wall inundations and gurs. In the grot Kruzhevnoy they resemble curtains trimmed with patterned fringe, in the Crystal grot they are similar to bunches of grapes, in the Indian grot they look like columns and multilevel pagodas. A rare formation was found in the Gallery of Wonders, that is cave pearl of two kinds. They are pearly white of 25 mm and globular, sometimes oval, cream-coloured up to 3-4 sm. The cave is inhabited by several species of bats. It has the status of a natural monument.
The Chanvinskaya Cave is situated on the left bank of the Chanva River, not far from the creek of the Kopizhnaya River. One can easily find the Cave because its opening is quite huge. The cave has 18m in height and 34m in width. Trip to The Chanvinskaya Cave
The Cave is horizontal and not too long, its length is about 70m. The Cave is noticeable for being used for a long time as a holy place for Voguls (or Mansis - hunting and herding people of the northern Ural Mountains of western Russia in Asia) during the period of the Upper Paleolithic. The ancient pagan rituals connected with sacrifice to spirit ancestors were performed there. Wooden idols depicting the spirit ancestors stood in the Cave in those times. Practically everywhere one can find remains of deer and moose bones. Pieces of pottery, arrowheads, and things of the Permian zoomorphic ornament were found in the Cave, too.
Nowadays the Cave is an attractive place for tourists. In general it is visited during the River Chanva rafting.
On the western branch of the Urals Mountain group, in the endless ocean of taiga arose one of the most picturesque ridges – the Baseg Ridge. Once solid, now it consists of three different peaks: the North, the Middle and the South Baseg.
The ridges are located in the East-Western direction from north to south. The name Baseg origins from a north Russian word “baskoi” which means “beautiful”. The woods in the Baseg region represent the last taiga uncut vast forestland of the western part of the Middle Ural. Therefore, these woods are an excellent sample of taiga natural ecosystem.
In 1982 there was established a nature reserve park with the aim of saving the Middle Ural fir trees forests. The Baseg Ridge located in the central part of the forest gave the name to the reservation park.
The Baseg Ridge is included in the group of western mountains of the Middle Ural.
The highest point of the reservation is the central peak of the Ridge – the Middle Baseg Mountain, 994m height. Boulder terraces are covered by woods and leading to rock glaciers – “mountain rivers” – narrow rocky placer deposits are strongly showed on the mountain peaks. Big and small rocks cover the mountains slowly, 1mm a year, creeping down the slopes. Crustose lichens on the rocks are of different colors: black, brown, red, yellow. They create a unique colorful ornament on the rocks. Under the influence of rain and wind destructing the mountains during many hundreds of years the buttes appeared on their peaks. These buttes are either single standing or plenty of rocks. Watching them one can notice that they resemble different figures, for example, there is one butte which looks like a camel. Another one looks like a head of a dog etc.
The territory is a conservation area, the entrance is strictly regulated.