The first people appeared on the Valaam islands in the 10th century. Some historians believe that the year 960 is the date of origin of the monastery on the Valaam. There is another version, according to which the monastery was erected somewhere at the turn of the 13th century, when the islands belonged to Novgorod for more than 200 years. TRIP TO SAINT PLACES IN RUSSIA. VALAAM
The monastery served as a defensive fortress. For its history, the islands had repeatedly been raided by Swedish troops. In 1240, the Swedes completely destroyed the defenses on the islands. They were stopped by the duke Alexander Yaroslavovich, who was named Nevsky after this battle. In the early 17th century, more specifically, in 1611, the Swedes again besieged the north-west of Russia. In 1617 the islands were taken over by the Swedes.
The Monastery was restored after a lapse of a hundred years, in 1715, on the orders of Peter the Great. Then the wooden Spaso-Preobrazhenskaya church, the bell tower and outbuildings were built. In the middle of the 18th century the Monastery burned twice, and then its lands were transferred to the state treasury. At the end of the 18th century, the land was returned to the monastery, and by 1801 a central farmstead had already been built.
The main architect of the construction was appointed Nazariy, hieromonk of the Sarov Monastery. He is remembered on the Valaam not only as the head of construction, but also as the author of the strictest Monastic Charter, that was used until 1944. The charter did not the monks to leave the island, that is why it was used as a place of exile for clergy until the beginning of the 20th century.
The 19th century is considered to be the heyday of the Monastery. In many respects, it was facilitated by the appointment of Father Damaskin to the post of abbot. He came to the Monastery as a simple novice, managed to show himself and soon became a prior.
1st DAY Moscow Departure by evening train: Moscow - St. Petersburg.
2nd DAY St. Petersburg Valaam
Arrival of the group in St. Petersburg (excursion to St. Petersburg is not provided). Departure to Priozersk by bus (on the road for three and a half hours) according to the memo of the SS "Radonezh". At 09:30, landing on the boat, departure to Valaam. Check in is around 13:00. Accommodation in the monastery hostel. Monastic meal. Acquaintance with the Central Manor. Monastic meal. Evening services. monastery hotel.
THIRD DAY Valaam (+ Konevets)
04:00 Midnight Camp. Morning. 08:00 Transfer by boat to Nikonovskaya bay. Excursion "New Jerusalem" (Voskresensky and Gethsemane sketes, chapel on the Mount of Olives). Return to the Central Manor on foot - 7 km. Monastic meal. Visit the Nikolsky Skete and Igumen Cemetery. Evening services (19:00 - 01:00). (For the program 5 days / 4 nights * from the island of Konevets - transfer by boat to Christmas-Bogorodichny Konevetsky monastery). Monastery hotel
4th DAY Valaam (Konevets) St. Petersburg
07:00 Divine Liturgy. Monastic meal. Visiting the All Saints Skete (walking tour). Meal. 17:00 departure of the group to Priozersk (boat). Arrival in Priozersk. Boarding the bus. Departure to St. Petersburg (approximate arrival to St. Petersburg at 23: 00-00: 00). Departure by night train to Moscow (after midnight). On about. Konevets is the Divine Liturgy. Breakfast in the refectory. Excursion around the island of Konevets. Dinner. Moving to the Vladimir Bay. Transfer by bus to St. Petersburg (approximate arrival to St. Petersburg at 21:00). Departure by night train to Moscow. Train.